Cardiology in the Czech Republic
There is a network of accredited cardiac centres in the Czech Republic which provide highly specialised services and are also engaged in research.
It is here that heart catheterisation procedures, coronary angioplasty, cardiac surgery, electrophysiological evaluations, pacemaker, cardioverter or defibrillator implants, arrhythmogenic substrate ablation and further top methods of examination and treatment are carried out. The care provided is highly specialised corresponding to standard procedures in European Union countries7. In 22 specialised centres a total of 21,180 percutaneous coronary interventions were carried out in 2011. In 12 cardiac surgery centres a total of 8,185 cardiac surgical procedures were carried out in 2011 and 85% of these were performed using extracorporeal circulation.
Two accredited children’s heart centres in the Czech Republic provide complex diagnosis, intervention heart catheters and surgical treatment for children with heart and large blood vessel diseases.
A top cardiology and cardiac surgery centre was set up in the private hospital in Třinec Podlesí. Over the years it has been possible to create teams of top specialists in cardiology and cardiac surgery here. The number of procedures carried out here means that this unit can compare with leading university departments. The latest technology makes a hybrid approach, i.e. a combination of catheterisation and surgical care possible.
The development of invasive cardiac surgery in recent years and the introduction in the Czech Republic of the globally unique programme of acute myocardial infarction treatment has significantly lowered mortality due to acute myocardial infarction.
Out of interest, the Czech Republic was the first country in Central and Eastern Europe to use the so-called mechanical heart in 2003. This is a temporary heart which helps the patient to overcome the time until he or she can obtain a suitable organ for transplantation.
In 2012 unique surgery was carried out at the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKEM) in Prague during which the patient’s heart was replaced by two pumps which prolonged the patient’s life by half a year.