Oncology in the Czech Republic
Besides diseases of the circulatory system, oncology diseases are the most common causes of death. Oncology is part of the care provided mostly at inpatient facilities. However excellent specialised centres also exist here.
The Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology at the Motol University Hospital in Prague achieves excellent globally comparable results where annually fifty child patients receive bone marrow transplantations a year. The clinic also contributes to research and international cooperation.
In 2012 some 282,563 patients with cancer were treated at a total of 130 oncology units8. 31,712 of these patients received radiation treatment and 78,441 were provided with chemotherapy. Clinical and Radiation Oncology Centres in the Czech Republic have 22, among other things, 22 X-ray therapeutic instruments, 15 radionuclide irradiators, 44 linear accelerators and 57 treatment planning systems.
The Clinical and Radiation Oncology Centre in Pardubice specialises, among other things, in prostrate, breast and anal cancer. It achieves extraordinary results in this treatment fully comparable with leading European centres. It uses chemotherapy, biological and hormonal therapy. It also provides a virtually complete spectrum of radiation for unusually localised cancer tumours. It applies the latest technology for radiation and its planning.
In 2012 the brand new Proton Therapy Center was opened in Prague using currently top world state-of-the art technology and is the only centre of its kind at present in Central and Eastern Europe. Proton therapy is kind to healthy tissue which is important above all in child oncology. The Proton Centre works closely with the clinical departments of the First Faculty of Medicine of Charles University.